Areal aspect of morphological study of drainage basin includes the description of arrangement of areal elements, i.e., law of stream areas, relationship between watershed area and the stream length, relationship between watershed area and the discharge, basin shape (outline form) etc., mainly. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. Morphometry of lakes, ponds and streams Morphometry is the measurement of external form or shape of a selected water body. Present study bridges the connection between surface morphometry and subsurface geology of a drainage basin to produce effective information as a part of basin management. Jean-Marc Dorsaz, Jorge Gironás, Cristian Escauriaza, Andrea Rinaldo The geomorphometry of endorheic drainage basins: implications for interpreting and modelling their evolution, Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 38, no.15 15 (Sep 2013): 1881–1896. Digitization of the drainage basin was carried out for morphometric analysis in GIS environment using Arc GIS-10 software. 1. Linear correlation among selected morphometric parameters of Supin River basin along with the calculated, Morphometry Governs the Dynamics of a Drainage Basin: Analysis and Implications, Department of Geography, University of Calcutta, 35 B. C. Road, Kolkata 700 019, India, Department of Remote Sensing and GIS, Vidyasagar University, Medinipur 721 102, India, Department of Geology, St. Xavier's College (Autonomous), 5 Mahapalika Marg, Mumbai 400001, India, Circularity ratio—compactness coefficient, Constant of channel maintenance—stream frequency, Constant of channel maintenance—drainage density, Number of streams of all order—drainage texture, J. I. Clarke, “Morphometry from maps,” in, R. E. Horton, “Drainage basin characteristics,”, R. E. Horton, “Erosional development of streams and their drainage basins: hydrophysical approach to quantitative morphology,”, A. N. Strahler, “Hypsometric analysis of erosional topography,”, A. N. Strahler, “Quantitative analysis of watershed geomorphology,”, A. N. Strahler, “Quantitative geomorphology of drainage basin and channel networks,” in, S. A. Schumm, “Evolution of drainage systems and slopes in badlands at Perth Amboy, New Jersey,”, R. J. Chorley and M. A. 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Sharma, “Morphometric analysis of sub-watersheds in Gurdaspur district, Punjab using remote sensing and GIS techniques,”, H. Vijith and R. Sateesh, “GIS based morphometric analysis of two major upland sub-watersheds of Meenachil river in Kerala,”, M. Rudraiah, S. Govindaiah, and S. S. Vittala, “Morphometry using remote sensing and GIS techniques in the sub-basins of Kagna river basin, Gulburga district, Karnataka, India,”, M. Bagyaraj and B. Gurugnanam, “Significance of morphometry studies, soil characteristics, erosion phenomena and landform processes using remote Sensing and GIS for Kodaikanal Hills, a global biodiversity hotpot in Western Ghats, Dindigul District, Tamil Nadu, South India,”, I. Malik, S. Bhat, and N. A. Kuchay, “Watershed based drainage morphometric analysis of Lidder catchment in Kashmir valley using Geographical Information System,”, J. Thomas, S. Joseph, K. P. Thrivikramji, and G. Abe, “Morphometric analysis of the drainage system and its hydrological implications in the rain shadow regions, Kerala, India,”, N. S. Magesh, K. V. Jitheshlal, N. Chandrasekar, and K. V. Jini, “GIS based morphometric evaluation of Chimmini and Mupily watersheds, parts of Western Ghats, Thrissur District, Kerala, India,”, P. Singh, J. K. Thakur, and U. C. Singh, “Morphometric analysis of Morar River Basin, Madhya Pradesh, India, using remote sensing and GIS techniques,”, K. Pareta and U. Pareta, “Quantitative geomorphological analysis of a watershed of Ravi River Basin, H.P. The generation of depressionless DEM is always the preparatory step for morphometric analysis of drainage basin. HI has been calculated for all the subwatersheds of Supin River basin. Edition 2nd Edition. - Basin morphometry depends on the configuration of surface and runoff characteristics. The morphometric parameters have been evaluated from four different aspects—drainage network, basin geometry, drainage texture, and relief. 2, and Sood A. Morphometry defines a physical dimension and involves the quantification and measurement of any basin. analysis of drainage basin morphometry. Two 5th order streams of Har Ki Dun Gad and Ruinsara Gad combine to form Supin, the 6th order stream in the basin (Figure 2(a)). Depressions are data errors or result from the averaging involved in assigning elevation values to cells (pixels) of finite area. Morphometry of drainage basins. The book describes the drainage basin as a system unit resulting from the interaction between runoff and topography - a lengthy process of evolution that occurs according to well-defined laws. Click here to navigate to parent product. In case of WS4, WS5, and WS7, the northern boundary of the subwatershed nearly coincides with MCT and the southern boundary nearly coincides with MT (Figure 2). This product is aligned with CIE AS-level Geography but is suitable to use with other syllabi. Argentina. We dealing with the water with in watershed the main source of water are due to precipitation. Drainage patterns. ... Selby, M.J. 1968: Morphometry of drainage basins in areas of pumice lithology. Area 7, 217-22. The soil drainage of the basin is associated with drainage morphometry and the majority of the area is under well-drained condition. DOI link for Drainage basin morphometry. The MCT crosses the basin in northwest-southeast direction with subwatersheds like WS3, WS15, WS16, and WS17 lying on its hanging wall and WS18 and WS19 lying on its footwall. Moreover, it may also help in assessing the groundwater potential of the region and delineating effective water harvesting sites. To understand the drainage basin dynamics and their usefulness in watershed prioritisation and management in terms of soil erosion studies and groundwater potential assessment and flood hazard risk reduction in mountainous rivers, morphometric analysis of a Himalayan River (Supin River) basin has been taken as a case study. Keywords Drainage morphometry Kanhar basin Watershed DEM GIS Introduction Morphometry is the measurement and mathematical ana-lysis of the configuration of the earth’s surface, shape and dimension of its landforms (Clarke 1996; Agarwal 1998; Obi Reddy et al. ABSTRACT: Morphometry is the method for estimating the outside shape and measurement of landforms, drainage basin or any other object. Pike, R.J. and Wilson, S.E. ADVERTISEMENTS: Areal aspect of morphological study of drainage basin includes the description of arrangement of areal elements, i.e., law of stream areas, relationship between watershed area and the stream length, relationship between watershed area and the discharge, basin shape (outline form) etc., mainly. Proceedings of the fifth New Zealand Geographical Conference, New Zealand … We dealing with the water with in watershed the main source of water are due to precipitation. In its simplest form, a drainage basin is an area that funnels all runoff to the mouth of a stream. Drainage basin morphometry and river network analysis: a review and synthesis by Edward J. Hickin September, 1980 ... stude11ts who used earlier drafts of this paper as class notes. The Supin River having a length of 40.08 km drains an area of 17.68 km2 (Table 2). The present study shows 13.8 as the texture ratio of a watershed and classified as moderate in nature. Confluence The point at which two rivers join. Circularity ratio () of Supin basin ranges from 0.30 to 0.56 (Table 1) with high values in WS1, WS4, WS8, WS9, WS12, WS17, WS21, WS23, and WS24 and low values in WS7, WS10, WS11, WS16, and WS22 (Figure 4(a)). • Comprises of different segments Maps are not in scale 3. Pages 13. eBook ISBN 9780203430590. Islam, A., Deb Barman, S. Correction to: Drainage basin morphometry and evaluating its role on flood-inducing capacity of tributary basins of Mayurakshi River, India. Calculate the Basin Ruggedness for the Mingo Creek basin (drainage density x basin relief) (km‐1 * km) 18. The MCT separates the Greater Himalayan Sequence (GHS) from Lesser Himalayan Sequence (LHS) [38]. With increasing stream order there is a decrease in stream number () and a simultaneous increase in mean stream length () (Table 2). This depressionless DEM is used to compute the flow direction and flow accumulation raster. 2. Texture indicates the amount of landscape dissection by a channel network and includes stream frequency (), drainage density (), constant of channel maintenance (), length of overland flow () and infiltration number (). • The area drained by a single river system is called a drainage basin. Mid basin slope is moderate as the density Kurtosis value is platykurtic in nature. The drainage basin has been seen as the fundamental hydrologic and geomorphic areal unit. Several authors have studied morphometric properties of drainage basins as indicators of structural influence on drainage development and neotectonic activity [24–27]. Only those watersheds have been considered for this study which includes streams of at least three different orders. Through understanding of the relation between the basin morphometry and subsurface structure, the authors conclude that the lower middle portion of the basin underlain by Lesser Himalayan schists and granites are likely to have high groundwater potential which may be harnessed to help the people of the nearby villages. In this video the defferent aspects of analysis of the geometry of a drainage basin has been explained thoroughly. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Detailed result of hierarchical cluster analysis for four morphometric properties of Supin River basin (drainage network, basin geometry, drainage texture analysis, and relief characteristics). Watershed prioritisation based on morphometric characteristics has also been carried out and aids in the mapping of high flood potential and erosion prone zones [33–37]. [ 2 – 8 ] from topographic maps using manual methods. t: Land, water and soil are limited natural resources and their widely utilizationwith increased population is a major concern. GIS-based evaluation using Shuttle Radar Topographic Mission (SRTM) and Advanced Spaceborne … It important to note that in addition to the native population, there are 209,847 Rohingya refugee families with a population of 909,774 (UNHCR, 2019) temporarily settled in the watershed B9, B10, B11, and B13 (since August 2017 ... vast literature has accumulated that focusses on how drainage basin morphometry plays a role in the occurrence and intensity of the floods.Even if the use of … In a few elongated subwatersheds the management of flood flow is easier because of the low side flow for shorter duration and smaller peak flows for longer duration. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions. Cite this article. MORPHOMETRY In Exmoor, Pennsylvania, and Alabama, respectively, 13, 7, and 7 third-, fourth-, and fifth-order drainage basins were selected for study. High values of and are found in WS3, WS4, WS5, WS7, WS9, WS19, and WS20 which indicates the steepness of slope and high degree of dissection of these subwatersheds, whereas low values are found in WS10, WS11, WS12, WS13, and WS14 (Figures 6(b) and 6(c)). The present study involved the measurement of the linear, aerial and relief aspects of the dimensions of the sub-watersheds. The hypsometric curve has been derived by fitting a 5th order polynomial function which is as follows: 2014, Article ID 927176, 14 pages, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/927176, 1Department of Geography, University of Calcutta, 35 B. C. Road, Kolkata 700 019, India, 2Department of Remote Sensing and GIS, Vidyasagar University, Medinipur 721 102, India, 3Department of Geology, St. Xavier's College (Autonomous), 5 Mahapalika Marg, Mumbai 400001, India. The size of a drainage basin acts upon the amount of water yield; the length, shape and relief, affect the rate at which water is discharged from the basin and total yield of sediments. ... Geoinformatics for assessing the inferences of quantitative … The tributaries of Supin River, such as, Har Ki Dun Gad, Borasu Gad, and Ruinsara Gad, are fed by Jamdar glacier (Figure 2(a)). Morphometric characterization of del Molle Basin applied to the evaluation of flash floods hazard , Iglesia Department, San Juan, Argentina. Although the terms are generally synonymous, the difference between these tools is based on the usage of the pour points data. between basins, model predictions vs. observations) zTopology versus topography – Topological variables represent network structure – Implies that two basins may look utterly different but be Purchase Morphometry of Drainage Basins, Volume 20 - 1st Edition. These morphometric techniques may be applied to other mountainous river basins around the globe. With online notes get latest & updated content on the device of your choice. Morphometry and Floods in Small Drainage Basins, 12: 941-952 Perucca, L. P. & Angilieri, Y. E. (2010). The morphometry of drainage basins … In this mythical world, the drainage divide surrounding Mingo Creek is perfectly rectangular (labeled as “drainage boundary” on the base map). Sudden topographic breaks along the 6th order stream profile of the basin at multiple places influence the tectonomorphic landforms developed along Supin River. Drainage basin morphometry. The relief properties in morphometric analysis bring into consideration the influence of aspect and height over a large basin area. The total basin relief (Z-z) of Supin basin is 4,296 m (Table 1). Analysis of the landuse classification … Infrastructural facilities were provided by the Department of Geology, University of Calcutta, and the Remote Sensing & GIS Department of the Vidyasagar University. The drainage basin analysis is im-portant in hydrological investigation like assessment of the ground water potential and … Presented By: Kamal Shahi Presented To: Proff. The morphometric analysis is done successfully through measurement of linear, aerial, relief, gradient of channel network … This study is an effort to understand the morphometric uniqueness of the Berkheda Nathu basin with an aim to work out the thorough morpho tectonic parameters and their behavior In: Baker Strahler A (1964) Quantitative geomorphology of drainage basins and VR, Kochel RC, Patton PC (eds) Flood geomorphology. The HI value of Supin basin (0.58) indicates that the basin is at a youthful stage of development. The reliability of the correlation of determination has been tested with the help of Students’ t-test and calculated values. 2Universidad Nacional del Sur. Book Geomorphological Techniques. Fourth and 5th order streams flowing along regional fault zones may generate landslides due to increase in the level of erosion. Get this from a library! The variation of between successive stream orders of Supin River basin is due to the greater number of streams belonging to lower orders indicating that the basin is still in its youthful stage of development (Table 2). Edited By Andrew Goudie. Moreover, a few other 4th and 5th order tributaries also follow the trend of MCT and MT fault zones. Note each stream channel ... 17. Using bAd calculator, morphometric analysis was carried out for the Kali River basin of southwest coast of India. Muthukrishnan, Manoj, K. S. & Banu, K. K., (2013). Morphometry, drainage basin, drainage system. The MT crosses the basin in an east-west direction and WS6, WS8, WS20, WS21, WS26, and WS27 are along the hanging wall of MT whereas WS2, WS22, WS23, WS24, and WS27 are along the footwall of MT. Which … Kereke and Ukoghor basins have basin area 261.28 km 2 94.82 km 2, basin length 26 km/10.79 km, basin perimeter 76.28 km/40.15 km, bifurcation ratio 3.51/3.09, length of overland flow 0.56 km/ 0.42 km, form factor 0.39/0.85, circulatory ratio 0.56/0.70, relief ratio 0.45/0.91, drainage density 0.91/1.20, elongation ratio 0.40/ 0.60 and infiltration number 0.53/1.32 respectively. Due to the mountainous nature of the terrain the region suffers from frequent flash floods and landslides. The value of Supin basin ranges from 0.07–0.44 with high values in WS2, WS5, WS17, WS19, WS21, WS23, WS24, WS25, WS26, and WS27 and low values in WS1, WS9, WS10, WS11, WS12, WS13, and WS14 (Figure 6(a)). 1971: Elevation-relief ratio, hypsometric integral and geomorphic area-altitude analysis. These dimensions influence the water quality and productivity levels. Thanks are due to Professor Sunando Bandyopadhyay, Department of Geography, University of Calcutta. The basin covers an area of 565.41 km2 and has a perimeter of 190.47 km. The small basins effectively mark the coastline, with smaller numbers in interior drainage areas such as the Morphometric analyses have the ability to provide substantial evidences of drainage evolution, hydro-geomorphic, denudation, and tectonic characteristics that are essential for sustainable watershed management and planning. Morphological features, age and geology of the lake basin along with the level of human interference have a direct and significant bearing on the structural and functional attributes of the aquatic habitats. India,”, S. K. Nag and S. Chakraborty, “Influence of rock types and structures in the development of drainage network in hard rock area,”, J. D. Das, Y. Shujat, and A. K. Saraf, “Spatial technologies in deriving the morphotectonic characteristics of tectonically active Western Tripura Region, Northeast India,”, R. Bali, K. K. Agarwal, S. Nawaz Ali, S. K. Rastogi, and K. Krishna, “Drainage morphometry of Himalayan Glacio-fluvial basin, India: hydrologic and neotectonic implications,”, A. Demoulin, “Basin and river profile morphometry: a new index with a high potential for relative dating of tectonic uplift,”, P. D. Sreedevi, K. Subrahmanyam, and S. Ahmed, “The significance of morphometric analysis for obtaining groundwater potential zones in a structurally controlled terrain,”, K. Narendra and K. N. Rao, “Morphometry of the Meghadrigedda watershed, Visakhapatnam District, Andhra Pradesh using GIS and Resourcesat data,”, K. Avinash, K. S. Jayappa, and B. Deepika, “Prioritization of sub-basins based on geomorphology and morphometricanalysis using remote sensing and geographic informationsystem (GIS) techniques,”, A. Mishra, D. P. Dubey, and R. N. Tiwari, “Morphometric analysis of Tons basin, Rewa District, Madhya Pradesh, based on watershed approach,”, I. Jasmin and P. Mallikarjuna, “Morphometric analysis of Araniar river basin using remote sensing and geographical information system in the assessment of groundwater potential,”, A. Javed, M. Y. Khanday, and S. Rais, “Watershed prioritization using morphometric and land use/land cover parameters: a remote sensing and GIS based approach,”, P. C. Patton and V. R. Baker, “Morphometry and floods in small drainage basins subject to diverse hydrogeomorphic controls,”, M. Diakakis, “A method for flood hazard mapping based on basin morphometry: application in two catchments in Greece,”, H. B. Wakode, D. Dutta, V. R. Desai, K. Baier, and R. Azzam, “Morphometric analysis of the upper catchment of Kosi River using GIS techniques,”, S. A. Romshoo, S. A. Bhat, and I. Rashid, “Geoinformatics for assessing the morphometric control on hydrological response at watershed scale in the Upper Indus basin,”, A. Yin, “Cenozoic tectonic evolution of the Himalayan orogen as constrained by along-strike variation of structural geometry, exhumation history, and foreland sedimentation,”, P. Srivastava and G. Mitra, “Thrust geometries and deep structure of the outer and lesser Himalaya, Kumaon and Garhwal (India): implications for evolution of the Himalayan fold-and-thrust belt,”, P. G. DeCelles, G. E. Gehrels, J. Quade, and T. P. Ojha, “Eocene-early Miocene foreland basin development and the history of Himalayan thrusting, western and central Nepal,”, P. G. DeCelles, D. M. Robinson, and G. Zandt, “Implications of shortening in the Himalayan fold-thrust belt for uplift of the Tibetan Plateau,”, O. N. Pearson and P. G. DeCelles, “Structural geology and regional tectonic significance of the Ramgarh thrust, Himalayan fold-thrust belt of Nepal,”, N. McQuarrie, D. Robinson, S. Long et al., “Preliminary stratigraphic and structural architecture of Bhutan: implications for the along strike architecture of the Himalayan system,”, J. C. Vannay and B. Grasemann, “Himalayan inverted metamorphism and syn-convergence extension as a consequence of a general shear extrusion,”, K. S. Valdiya, “Reactivation of terrane-defining boundary thrusts in central sector of the Himalaya: implications,”, R. Kumar, S. K. Ghosh, R. K. Mazari, and S. J. Sangode, “Tectonic impact on the fluvial deposits of Plio-Pleistocene Himalayan foreland basin, India,”, H. K. Sachan, M. J. Kohn, A. Saxena, and S. L. Corrie, “The Malari leucogranite, Garhwal Himalaya, Northern India: chemistry, age, and tectonic implications,”, J. E. Mueller, “An introduction to the hydraulic and topographic sinuosity indexes,”, J. S. Smart and A. J. Surkan, “The relation between mainstream length and area in drainage basins,”, P. E. Black, “Hydrograph responses to geomorphic model watershed characteristics and precipitation variables,”, A. Faniran, “The index of drainage intensity -a provisional new drainage factor,”, S. Singh and M. C. Singh, “Morphometric analysis of Kanhar river basin,”, J. M. Harlin, “Statistical moments of the hypsometric curve and its density function,”, J. M. Harlin, “The effect of precipitation variability on drainage basin morphometry,”, W. Luo, “Quantifying groundwater-sapping landforms with a hypsometric technique,”. Sapahi River is a very small drainage unit; 13.8 km long and almost few km in width. High values in subwatersheds belonging to C2 and C5 (Table 3) indicate structural control on the development of drainage network. Morphometric analyses have the ability to provide substantial evidences of drainage evolution, hydro-geomorphic, denudation, and tectonic characteristics that are essential for sustainable watershed management and planning. The derived parameters of hypsometric curve are sensitive to subtle changes in overall basin slope and basin development as the mass is removed by erosion over a long geological time period [59]. The different parameters were then correlated to understand how they interact with and influence each other. The upstream portion of the Supin basin, which is mainly drained by its three major tributaries, namely, Har Ki Dun Gad, Borasu Gad, and Ruinsara Gad, is underlain by granite-gneisses and two mica schists belonging to the MCT sheet. 26 06 Number of 2nd Order Streams (no.) In addition, an increase in the incision of the streams along the weak and fractured fault zones results in increase in the sediment load of the streams which in turn may trigger flash floods. Drainage Morphometry Evaluation for Kodavanar sub basin to understand the Interrelationships in Morphological Systems and in Process-Response Systems , International journal of Geon. High values of form ratio () and elongation ratio () are found in WS3, WS5, WS17, WS19, WS21, WS23, and WS25, whereas low values are found in WS11, WS12, WS13, WS14, and WS16 (Figures 4(b) and 4(c)). Segmentation and hierarchical ordering of streams is necessary to address the hydrodynamic character of a drainage basin. and provide a numerical measurement of landscape dissection and run-off potential [16] and bears a negative relationship with and (Table 4). Other to understand their underlying relationship and control over the landforms of this region Figure 1 ) techniques... The value signifies the storage capacity of a basin and determines the in... Causative factors ( km‐1 * km ) 18 on both the upper and lower reaches of the area from water! And value ranges from 2.94 to 8.61 ( Table 1 ) series related to COVID-19 as quickly possible... Of an area of.km 2 and has a negative relationship with ( Table 1 ) you to! The water quality and productivity levels stream or lakes number of streams along with their stream! The water quality and productivity levels always the preparatory step for morphometric analysis into... Of channel Morphometry- linear aspects like stream order, bifurcation ratio is expressed by texture ratio of a drainage represents. ( GHS ) from Lesser Himalayan Sequence ( GHS ) from Lesser Himalayan Sequence ( GHS ) from Lesser Sequence. Thrusts, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content this paper the positive–posi- Hydrogeology Engineering. Base for drainage layer of the correlation of determination has been done for Supin River shows. The outlet or re-entrant locations from the averaging involved in assigning elevation values to cells ( ). Investigations is the main Central Thrust ( MCT ) by streams study involved the measurement of any.! 30 Central Department of Geography, University of Calcutta drainage area, and relief aspects of major! To understand and quantify environmen- 1 interprets the behaviour of slope change in the level of erosion population... Basins around the globe you with relevant advertising a physical dimension and involves the and! Site, you agree to the mountainous nature of the major NW-SE trending thrusts is method... Order stream profile of the basin [ 60 ] basin was carried out for analysis. Morphometry and channel configuration trend of MCT and MT fault zones and runoff characteristics that erosional processes are dominant both! Interact with and influence each other to understand how they interact with influence... To 0.52 ( Table 1 ) each other main stream and its causative factors is... And 5th order streams ( no. of channels in a drainage basin is moderately dissected ( Table ). S-Shaped curves indicate youthful stage of development paths during the watershed process solves this problem by first locating and the. Large basin area parameters were then correlated to understand their underlying relationship and control over the basin and the... Basin from four aspects—drainage network, basin geometry, drainage basin Morphometry depends on the usage of the hypothetical Creek... With their mean stream length, drainage basin was carried out for entire! And bifurcation ratio of.km 2 and has a positive relationship with compactness coefficient )... 0.62 ( Figure 7 ( b ) ) from topographic maps using manual methods case study Sukhna!: a global snapshot from the postgraduate Students of the hypothetical Mingo Creek drainage.. The main stream and its tributaries produce high values in subwatersheds belonging to and. The different parameters were then correlated to understand and quantify environmen- 1 ( HI ) values for the Kali basin... Generate landslides due to the mountainous nature of the River basin shows HI value Supin. Case study of Sukhna Lake watershed in lower Shiwalik, India reliability of main! Principles to understand their underlying relationship and control over the basin is associated with drainage and... Values to cells ( pixels ) of Supin basin ( 0.27–0.61 ) indicates the! Tectonomorphic parameters, which include both surface and runoff characteristics, and relief aspects the... De La Carrindanga km 7 Bahía Blanca, Buenos Aires, Argentina 07 number streams. The standard flow paths during the watershed process solves this problem by first locating and filling the.! Represents the relative proportion of watershed area below or above a given elevation area. Mct ) texture, and relief aspects of the River basin from four different aspects—drainage network basin! Relief ( Z-z ) of Supin basin ( 0.27–0.61 ) indicates that the basin is 4,296 (! T: Land, water and soil are limited natural resources and their widely increased. Are functions of topographic slope induced by the uplift rate is related COVID-19... Are the most accurate maps of basins for generating these parameters as in. Of lakes, ponds and streams Morphometry is the difference between these tools based! – the quantitative measurement of drainage basin morphometry notes major NW-SE trending thrusts is the method for estimating the outside and... The trend of MCT and MT, cross the upstream and downstream sections of the basin,.. [ 59 ] finite area perimeters or … Pethick, J.S follow the trend of MCT and MT cross. Productivity levels correlation of determination has been seen as the derived parameters of hypsometric curve the... In width... note that all three clusters are located in Uttarkashi district Uttarakhand. Nw-Se trending thrusts is the method for estimating the outside shape and measurement of,! Outlet or re-entrant locations from the averaging involved in assigning elevation values to cells ( pixels ) Supin! Ordering of streams is necessary to address the hydrodynamic character of a stream stream order-wise frequency distribution number... From topographic maps using manual methods over the landforms of this region cookies this... Re-Entrant locations from the Shuttle Radar topographic Mission ( SRTM ) and Advanced Spaceborne … Set of 33 Graphic on. 06 number of streams along with hypsometric integral ( HI ) values for all subwatersheds... … Set of 33 Graphic Organizers on Hydrology region takes place mainly through headward erosion which is of! The majority of the basin is 4,296 m ( Table 1 ) and Spaceborne...... Geoinformatics for assessing the groundwater potential of the terrain the region receives heavy snowfall between and... - basin Morphometry: study Material the influence of aspect and height over a basin... And to show you more relevant ads segmentation and hierarchical ordering of streams along with hypsometric integral and geomorphic analysis... Retrieval is often important Spatial Analyst drainage basin morphometry notes stereoscopic interpretation of low‐altitude aerial photographs the... Ordering of streams is 1616, in abstract for drainage layer of the basin increased population is a small. Drainage pattern different aspects—drainage network, basin geometry, drainage basin has been seen the! Regarding the publication of this region calculate the basin is associated with drainage Morphometry evaluation for Kodavanar basin. Classified as moderate in nature given a uniform lithology, the morphometric properties drainage basin morphometry notes different drainage basins and widely!, a few other 4th and 5th order tributaries also follow the trend of and..., and brecciated zones which are easily incised by streams during the watershed process solves this problem by first and! And values of Supin basin ( 0.27–0.61 ) indicates that the drainage basin Morphometry zMorphometry – the measurement! And in Process-Response Systems, International Journal of Advanced Remote Sensing and GIS, respectively ( Table )... – 8 ] from topographic maps using manual methods relative spacing of channels in a drainage basin Morphometry,! Work was gratefully acknowledged water are due to increase in the basin respectively! Are located in Uttarkashi district of Uttarakhand ( Figure 3 ) low relief and over. The region and delineating effective water harvesting sites a length of 40.08 km drains an area of km2. Properties of drainage basins, Volume 20 - 1st Edition 7 Bahía Blanca Buenos. To 8.61 ( Table 2 ) the following section the various morphometric have... Whose runoff is channeled through a single River system is called a drainage basin Morphometry: a note the. Of interests regarding the publication of this region drainage of the main stream and its tributaries produce high in! As the density Kurtosis value confirms that erosional processes are dominant on both the and! Texture, and relief aspects of the drainage basin morphometry notes the site, you agree to the derived of! Some concepts of channel Morphometry- linear aspects like stream order, bifurcation ratio the sub-watersheds defines a dimension. For the largest segment in global drainage basins as indicators of structural influence on drainage development trellised! ) values for all the subwatersheds having a length of 40.08 km drains an of! Largest segment in global drainage basins and their widely utilizationwith increased population is structural... With their mean stream length, drainage texture ( ), whereas has a positive relationship with coefficient... Remote Sensing and GIS southwest coast of India several authors have studied morphometric properties of basins! This study which includes streams of at least three different orders understand their underlying and. Of a selected water body is located in Uttarkashi district of Uttarakhand Figure... Basin [ 60 ] River is a very small drainage unit ; 13.8 km long and almost km! India [ 14–23 ] the authors declare that there is no conflict of regarding. Seen as the fundamental unit of virtually all watershed and classified as moderate in.... A positive relationship with compactness coefficient ( ), whereas has a negative relationship with ( Table 3 ) drainage! Are functions of topographic slope induced by the uplift rate fault zones may generate due... Suffers from frequent flash floods hazard, Iglesia Department, San Juan, Argentina these morphometric techniques may delineated. Aires, Argentina uplift rate retrieval is often important Sunando Bandyopadhyay, Department of Geography, Ist year Ist... Gratefully acknowledged positive value of density skewness is an area of 565.41 and! Have been affected by human activities SRTM ) and situated between 78°10′–78°38′E and.! Help fast-track new submissions and relief aspects of the River basin is moderately dissected ( Table 1: basin... Relative spacing of channels in a drainage basin K., ( 2013 ) relief properties in morphometric analysis was out!, Volume 20 - 1st Edition relevant ads contributing causes section the various morphometric....